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Types of Diabetes

Diabetes comes in many forms and can affect anyone.

Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and was previously known as Juvenile Diabetes. In Type 1 Diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar (glucose), starches and other food into energy needed for daily life.

Finding out you have diabetes is scary, but don't panic. Type 1 Diabetes is serious, but people with diabetes can live long, healthy, happy lives.

Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In Type 2 Diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Insulin is necessary for the body to be able to use glucose for energy. When you eat food, the body breaks down all of the sugars and starches into glucose, which is the basic fuel for the cells in the body. Insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems:

•Right away, your cells may be starved for energy.
•Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.

Finding out you have diabetes is scary, but don't panic. Type 2 Diabetes is serious, but people with diabetes can live long, healthy, happy lives.

While diabetes occurs in people of all ages and races, some groups have a higher risk for developing Type 2 Diabetes than others. Type 2 Diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, as well as the aged population.

For more information on Type 2 Diabetes visit the American Diabetes Association

Before people develop Type 2 Diabetes, they almost always have "Pre-Diabetes" -- blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. There are 57 million people in the United States who have Pre-Diabetes. Recent research has shown that some long-term damage to the body, especially the heart and circulatory system, may already be occurring during Pre-Diabetes.

Research has also shown that if you take action to manage your blood glucose when you have Pre-Diabetes, you can delay or prevent Type 2 Diabetes from ever developing.

There is a lot you can do yourself to know your risks for Pre-Diabetes and to take action to prevent diabetes if you have, or are at risk for, Pre-Diabetes. The American Diabetes Association has a wealth of resources for people with diabetes. People with pre-diabetes can expect to benefit from much of the same advice for good nutrition and physical activity. The links on this page are the cornerstones of successful management of Pre-Diabetes.

For more information on types of diabetes visit the American Diabetes Association


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